The Change of Judicial Power in China in the Era of Artificial Intelligence

The Change of Judicial Power in China in the Era of Artificial Intelligence

Weidong JI

Abstract

The singularity of artificial intelligence (AI), which transcends human intelligence to play the role of God, is imminent. In this context, the Chinese judicial system has gained some latecomer advantage, with the help of information technology, the Internet, big data, cloud computing, and AI to improve the efficiency and transparency of case handling. The trial process has undergone extensive and profound qualitative mutations. This represents a challenge to the institutional arrangements of the modern rule of law. At this stage, we should adopt a cautious and prudent attitude towards the design and application of legal-expert systems as well as machine learning. Especially from the aspect of computer sentencing, it is even more necessary to avoid a rush for quick results, and there is no need to completely exclude the judge’s discretion and free evaluation of the evidence through inner conviction. The finality of the judicial power is destined to choose a correct final solution through a debate on the survival of the fittest mechanism. In the face of such a modern rule-of-law system, big data, cloud computing, information technology, and AI are just auxiliary means to achieve legal justice. It is impossible to put the cart before the horses. This is a basic principle that we should always bear in mind.


Keywords

artificial intelligence, judicial power, computerized judicial operation, legal reasoning, free evaluation of the evidence


Type Research Article InformationAsian Journal of Law and Society , First View , pp. 1 – 16DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/als.2020.37[Opens in a new window] Copyright© Cambridge University Press 2021

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